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General Dwight David Eisenhower

Winston Churchill and the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt recognised Eisenhower as an excellent coalition commander.

Eisenhower was appointed head of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (S.H.A.E.F.) and was given responsibility for Operation Overlord, the invasion of Europe.

Eisenhower now had the task of organizing around a million combat troops and two million men involved in providing support services.

The plan drawn up by Eisenhower, George Marshall, Bernard Montgomery, Omar Bradley, Bertram Ramsey, Walter Beadle Smith, Arthur Tedder and Trafford Leigh Mallory, involved assaults on five beaches west of the River Orne near the French city of Caen.

The five beaches were codenamed Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha and Utah.

The invasion was preceded by a massive aerial bombardment of German Communications. This resulted in the destruction of virtually every bridge over the River Seine.

On 6th June, 1944, 2,727 ships sailed to the Normandy coast and on the first day landed 156,000 men on a front of 30 miles. It was the largest and most powerful armada that has ever sailed. The invasion was a great success.

After the war Eisenhower served briefly as U.S. member of the Allied Commission governing Germany.

On 20th January, 1953, Eisenhower became the first soldier president of the U.S.A.

Dwight David Eisenhower passed away on 28th March, 1969.

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